This species was not assessed for vulnerability
This small woodland raptor is about the size of a crow with short, rounded wings and long tail plumage. Cooper’s hawks rely on a diet almost entirely of birds throughout their wide breeding range throughout North America from southern Canada to northern Mexico. In Florida, Cooper’s hawks are uncommon and occur mostly in the northern portion of the state with a summer nesting season. Males and females are similar in plumage but the female is large and built more powerfully than her mate. As a result, Cooper’s hawk pairs can take a wide range of prey, with males focusing on smaller songbirds and females targeting larger species.
Cooper’s hawks prefer mixed deciduous or coniferous forests with sections of closed canopy interspersed with open habitat. In Florida, habitat types such as hardwood uplands, high pine and scrub, freshwater forested wetlands and working lands provide adequate habitat for this species.
As a species with migratory capacity and a wide range throughout a variety of local climates, the Cooper’s hawk is not likely to be as vulnerable to the impacts of climate change as is a species with a more narrow, specialized range. However, shifting community composition in forested habitats including habitat transformation and altered predator-prey dynamics has the potential to impact Cooper’s hawk populations across the species’ entire range. Habitat fragmentation stemming from changing human land use and migration patterns resulting from climate change is also a concern.
More information about general climate impacts to species in Florida.